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Browsing the archives for the Siskiyou Water Users Assoc category.

Annual fundraiser for Siskiyou Water Users Assoc is Aug. 23

Siskiyou Water Users Assoc

Siskiyou County Water Users Association

Annual Meeting /Fundraiser

Friday August 23rd   5 pm-9 pm

Grange Hall   300 Ranch Lane Rd   Yreka

Social Hour at 5pm

Prime Rib Dinner at 6pm

Dessert Auction


 Remmington 20 Ga, 870 pump

1 troy oz. pure silver Jefferson Coin

$30 a person or $50 couple

Tickets available at the Grange Insurance Office

347 N Main St.   842-4400

No Comments

Open letter to Klamath Co. Commissioners

Agriculture, KBRA or KHSA, Klamath County, Klamath River & Dams, Rich Marshall, Salmon and fish, Siskiyou Water Users Assoc

Feb. 9, 2013

Dear Klamath County Commissioners,

I write this email to encourage you all to do the right thing and vote AGAINST THE KBRA/KHSA, to right the terrible wrongs being committed against the citizens of our area by over zealous bureaucrats, unrestrained NGOs, and twisted science.  By now we all should be aware of just how far off base the so called scientific information developed by the various government entities and NGOs has been.  The dams are still in place and the Salmon runs are at record numbers.

In addition we are all aware of the firing of Dr. Paul Hauser, scientific officer for the DOI, who became a whistleblower instead of corrupting science to support the political decisions being orchestrated against the people of So Oregon and Northern California.  You should also be aware of the scientific findings made by Dr Nathan Mantua and others at the University of Washington, who have studied this problem throughly and discovered that the Salmon production is tied intrinsically to the Pacific Decadal Oscilliation or PDO. This column of cold water moving up and down the Pacific Coast is responsible for the volume of Salmon alternating between Alaska and California.  The riverine habitat is secondary to the ocean habitat. This fact is being suppressed by Mr. Lynch the lead scientist for the DOI and others paid by DOI.  It should have been included in the study of the Salmon issue but was by decision of the DOI and NOAA committees left out of the studies made.

We have also the fact of the suppression of science in the recent Lunny case in Marin County where the DOI’s Mr Salazar, denied the lease continuation on trumped up charges of environmental contamination.  Dr. Corey Goodwin more than adequately disproved the DOI contentions and was vociferously supported by Senator Feinstein who referred to the DOI as practicing junk science.

We have further, the recent firing of seven scientists at the Bureau of Reclamation by that agency because of their efforts to maintain scientific integrity in the face of the desires of the BOR to twist the story regarding habitat in the upper Klamath.

Why are the tribes, and NGOs pushing the issue forward in spite of scientific evidence showing that the removal of the dams will not only kill all the fish including the Salmon for years to come but will also permanently damage the spawning beds??  Any Salmon that will eventually come back will be “planted Salmon” they will not be native to the area.  They are interested in the very significant amount of taxpayer and ratepayer funds that will be rained down upon them.  They are not concerned about the damage that will be done to the environment, the farmers, the ranchers , the natural beauty of the river area; they are only greedily rubbing their hands in anticipation of a nearly $4 Billion dollar raid on the Nations treasury.

We also know from early historical reports such as the diary of 1821 by an early military survey crew and their indian guides that the Salmon never reached the Upper Klamath in fact they never swam past the reefs located approximately at the location of Iron Gate Dam.  Any Salmon skeletons found above that point were  the result of trading between early tribes.  Even the Karuk, who are benefiting enormously by Dam destruction have stated early on, that the Salmon never reached the Upper Klamath.

The Klamath River dams provide clean inexpensive hydro power to  our region, water storage capability which allows the river to be flushed in drought times, recreation opportunities, and flood control options such as allowing the peak flow times of flood conditions to be controlled.

You have a duty and an obligation to do the right thing and vote out the KBRA.  Save the Dams and save the fish!!

Richard Marshall

President of Siskiyou Water Users Association


1 Comment

SCWUA determined to save endangered species

Siskiyou Water Users Assoc

Feb. 6, 2013

         Siskiyou County Water Users Determined To Save Endangered Species

By Dr. Richard Gierak, Science Officer of Siskiyou County Water Users Association

    Hundreds of species are threatened with decimation should Klamath River Dams be removed. The release of 20 million cubic yards of toxic sludge, as determined by the Bureau of Reclamation, contains toxic levels of Mercury, Chromium, Zinc and Antimony which will destroy a plethora of species that depend on the Klamath River. These are just a sample of species that will pay the price for dam removal for a non-native Coho Salmon Species. (1)

    Green Sturgeon, Lamprey, Steelhead trout, Chinook, Coho, Small scale sucker, Dace, Stickleback, Tailed frogs, Cutthroat trout, Minnow, Sculpin, Cottoidei, Southern Sucker, Candlefish, Western Brook Lamprey, Otters, Snails Basalt, Freshwater mussels, California floater, Western Gray Squirrel, American Beaver, Western Pocket Gopher, White-throated Woodrat, Black Rat, Black Bear, Northern Fur Seal, Northern Sea Lion, Coyote and this does not include the hundreds of species of birds that will be affected by toxic waters in the Klamath. (2)

    The Coho Recovery Plan calls for increased water flows which the Klamath Basin Area Office of the Bureau of Reclamation Fisheries Research Division stated that water flows are insignificant to Coho Salmon spawning. (3)

    Historical records, Karuk Tribe and the Shasta Tribe have clearly stated that Coho Salmon were never native to the Klamath Basin. The expert panel, in 2010, concluded that Coho Salmon in the Klamath Basin were from the Cascadia hatchery in Oregon which empties into the Willamette River in Oregon and are not native to the Klamath. Under the Federal Endangered Species Act there is no provision to list a non native species and therefore the listing by California Fish & Wildlife and National Marine Fisheries is arbitrary, capricious and unlawful. (4)

    Under the KBRA/KHSA profiting plan for dams removals, billions of Taxpayer funds will be required for consequential damage to the entire river environment, but only after having Congressionally granted liability protection for the devastation caused to both that environment and her regional communities. Ironically, the plan anticipates the likely extermination of the very salmon solely ‘justifying’ those removals and calls for potentially replacing them with ‘genetically enhanced’ salmon as selected ‘from this and other watersheds’.

    The entire Coho Recovery Plan by the California Fish & Wildlife has nothing to do with saving Coho Salmon, but instead is being promulgated to take control of vested water rights, private property rights, and assure ‘partnership’ funding placed on the backs of the uncompensated landowners. Both the listing of Coho Salmon and the Coho Recovery Plan should be dismantled and cancelled to stop this insanity. Call your Senators and Congressmen to voice your passion to save these species. For more information or support contact SCWUA at 530 842-4400.

1. Toxic sludge analysis by Bureau of Reclamation Pg. 47


2. Species affected by toxic sludge


3. Bureau of Reclamation Memo regarding water flows


4. Full de-listing petition regarding Coho Salmon



No Comments

Siskiyou Waters Users responds to odd statements from DFG

Dept. Fish & Game, Dr. Richard Gierak, Endangered Species Act, Siskiyou Water Users Assoc


Coho recovery plans are based on the opinion by NMFS and California Fish & Wildlife that Coho were native to the Klamath Basin.

    NOAA, NMFS and California Fish & Wildlife have all illegally listed Coho Salmon in the Southern Oregon ESU and the Northern California ESU as this species is a non-indigenous species and is a violation of the Endangered Species Act. The Karuk and Shasta Tribes have both confirmed that this species was never present until they were planted in 1895. Genetic analysis in the Klamath River indicate their origin is from the Willamette River in Northern Oregon. Genetic analysis in the Rogue River indicate their origin is from the Columbia River in Northern Oregon.

Mr. Bonham of California Fish & Wildlife has issued a letter indicating that their efforts and cooperation of ranchers were responsible for the large Salmon runs in 2012

    This is a very cleverly written letter which lauds the work of our Siskiyou Ranchers on improving habitat for the Coho. What is not mentioned is that the volume of Salmon returns are dependent on the temperature of the Pacific Ocean. A drop in temperature over the last two years was the true deciding factor in the numbers of Salmon in 2012 as confirmed by NMFS, NASA and SCWUA. A historic rise in temperature in the Pacific Ocean from 1970 to 2009 was as a result of historic activity within the Pacific Ocean.

Coho recovery plan calls for control of water flows in the Klamath Basin for the benefit of Coho Salmon.

    Klamath Basin Area Office of the Bureau of Reclamation Fisheries Research division model study indicating that changes in BOR controlled Klamath flows are insignificant to the life cycle of ‘endangered’ Coho salmon as confirmed by credible Biologists in both NMFS and SCWUA.

Coho recovery plans predict increase in future runs of Salmon in the Klamath Basin

    (Klamath Basin Area Office of the BOR) Fisheries Research division documents clearly indicate that the Klamath Project to remove dams could decimate future Salmon runs in the Klamath Basin. This statement also corroborates scientific data gathered by the Siskiyou County Water Users Association and other involved groups. This is further elucidated in the DOI EIR documents.

Removal of four hydroelectric dams on the Klamath River will allow for increased spawning grounds for Salmon species per NMFS and California Fish & Wildlife.

    BOR documents point out that the 20 million cubic yards of sludge from removing the dams contain toxic levels of Mercury, Chromium, Zinc and Antimony which could decimate not only Salmon, but, 34 other species that depend on the quality of water in the Klamath River.

Consequence of Dam Removal on the Klamath River.

    Perhaps it is difficult to understand that both Iron Gate and Copco Reservoirs have been evaluated and are said to contain biomass quantities of Yellow Perch and Yellow Crappie by California Fish and Wildlife. Should these two species be allowed to have access to present Salmon spawning grounds they would consume all of the Salmon eggs laid and the viability of sustaining Salmon runs will likely be terminated within five years.

     The entire premise of removing the dams to allow Salmon to return to “historic” spawning grounds was based on conditions prior to 1918. At that time there were no Perch or Crappie to feed upon the spawning Salmon eggs nor did Salmon spawn above the present location of Copco 1 Dam.It is also to be noted that removal of dams or the addition of fish bypass around the dams would also introduce a plethora of diseases that Salmon carry and would substantially put at risk species that have been isolated from Salmon for the last 95 years above the dams.

Conclusion based on scientific data from BOR, NMFS and SCWUA

    Dam removal for an illegal listing is a travesty and listing of Coho Salmon in Southern Oregon and California ESU’s must be removed to halt this insanity.

Respectfully submitted;

Richard Marshall

President, Siskiyou County Water Users

Dr. Richard Gierak

Science Officer, SCWUA

No Comments


Federal gov & land grabs, Sham Science, Siskiyou Water Users Assoc

                                                               PRESS RELEASE

Siskiyou County Water Users Assoc.

Yreka, CA.


    Scientists have accused the Department of the Interior of Klamath related scientific misconduct in yet another recent incident claiming the ignoring of credible science from its own Bureau of Reclamation (BOR) Klamath Basin Area Office (KBAO). 7 KBAO biological scientists attest they are being reassigned or terminated, and the field fisheries research office shut down, in response to field office studies contradicting assertions made by several other founding Klamath Basin Restoration Agreement (KBRA) Agencies advocating dams removals plus Klamath Basin wide ‘Agreement’ regulatory expansion and mandate. In a meeting reportedly held Nov. 30th, BOR cited USFWS and NMFS, along with undisclosed ‘other interests’, expressed ‘distress’ over the studies, resulting in the area director terminating further field office fisheries research and ‘shelving’ those studies from pertinent decisions for fear they may be perceived as ‘biased’ against the current ‘mission’ to remove four hydroelectric dams supplying over 79,000 homes and businesses in Northern California and Southern Oregon. Unfortunately, requested supporting ‘transparent process’ meeting documents appear ‘unavailable’ as being ‘not routinely maintained’. The 7 scientists filed a complaint with PEER (Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility) charging Director Phillips and other BOR Management with ‘coercive manipulation’, ‘sublimating science to political priorities’, ‘hindering’, ‘censorship’, ‘failing to use best quality science’, and Scientific and Scholarly Misconduct among others.

    One of the studies involved contradicted the USFWS (US Fish and Wildlife Service) claims that Lake Ewauna was a ‘dead zone’ to sucker fish resulting from ‘human activities’ and forming a basis of their ‘restoration’ assessments. The KBAO study determined that there was actually a stable and viable resident Lake Ewuana sucker fish population .

    Another of the KBAO studies which ‘distressed’ NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service) revealed that Klamath Basin Project controlled Klamath River flows have very little effect upon ‘endangered’ Coho salmon lifecycles, countering NMFS demands for dams’ removals and the statistically unsupported flow increases.

    Examples of other studies, by the BOR, receiving minimized recognition include finding the minimal 20 million cubic yards of sequestered sludge which could be released by removing the dams contain toxic levels of Mercury, Chromium, Zinc and Antimony, which could decimate not only Salmon, but, 34 other species that depend on the quality of water in the Klamath River.

    In February, 2012, Dr. Paul Hauser, former Chief Science and Integrity Office of the Department of Interior’s (DOI) Bureau of Reclamation Branch in D.C., was fired for disclosing DOI agenda driven bias regarding the KBRA and the intertwined Klamath Hydroelectric Settlement Agreement (KHSA). He charged the DOI with “Scientific Misconduct”. The KBRA and KHSA call for the procurement of regional resources, taxpayer/ratepayer funded unaccountable authority for the ‘Agreement’ creators, ‘adaptively managed’ mandates affecting the majority of un-represented regional residents, and the regionally majority opposed removal of four hydroelectric dams on the Klamath River.


Richard Marshall, President SCWUA


Dr. Richard Gierak, Science Consultant, SCWUA

No Comments

SCWUA responds to KBRA extension

KBRA or KHSA, Klamath River & Dams, Siskiyou Water Users Assoc


Siskiyou County Water Users Association Inc.

347 North Main Street

Yreka, Ca. 96097


January 1, 2013

Relative to the announcement of the signing of the extension of the KBRA, the Siskiyou County Water Users Association is disappointed but not surprised.

 We are disappointed because significant information has been provided regarding the misuse of the scientific process by the Department of Interior and the revelations of Dr. Paul Hauser, and now by the revelation of the situation in Marin County, with the oyster farm by Senator Diane Feinstein and Dr. Corey Goodman.  Apparently, Secretary Salazar has clearly indicated that he can make decisions without being confused by good science. It is clear that the decision to try to remove four perfectly good and productive dams is politically motivated and has nothing to do with the Coho salmon.  The current Salmon run numbers are indicating one of the best runs ever. This fact is further illuminated by the findings of Dr. Nathan Mantua of the Farrallon Institute and the JISAO study by the University of Washington marine scientists, who have tied the volume of Salmon production to the Pacific Decadal Oscillation process.  The riverine system is at the tail end of the process when it comes to returning Salmon.  The DOI has indicated that any study of the impact of the ocean environment on the Coho is not within its jurisdiction and should not be considered.  The recent decision by Judge Dixon of the Siskiyou County Superior court (Siskiyou FarmBureau vs CDFG) raises questions concerning the Department of Fish and Game motives and ability to manipulate the process for their own ends.  They are one of the main signatories to the KBRA.

We are not surprised that the signatories to the KBRA have decided to extend the time frame.  It is to be noted that significant pressure was brought to bear on those ranchers and farmers who decided to sign up or face potential impact to their power and irrigation water availability, in the event that the project went ahead without their being a party to it.  The Tribes and NGO’s, in our opinion, obviously are not ready to give up on the opportunity to raid the public treasury.   The significance of the hundreds of millions of dollars which are involved in the KBRA cannot be under estimated.

In the end, we believe that the right decision will be made, leaving the dams in place producing blue power for our region and the issues confronting the Salmon at sea and as they enter the riverine system will be resolved.

Richard Marshall


Siskiyou County Water Users Assoc.

No Comments

40 people walk out on DFG concensus meeting 12-4-12

Dept. Fish & Game, POW, Scott River & Valley, Siskiyou Water Users Assoc

Rich Marshall, president of Siskiyou Water Users Assoc., said the RFP for the contract with Normandeau Associates and questions on the workshop questionaire were pre-determined and therefore biased.

 Quartz Valley rancher John W. Menke, Ph.D. and supporter of Scott ValleyProtect Our Water, said the California Dept. of Fish and Game must start with the conditions of the Pacific Ocean and include them in any decisions regarding water use by farmers and ranchers in Scott Valley that may affect salmon.

After a half hour of facts and reasons for NOT participating in a biased workshop all the folks that were standing walked out leaving about four or five people to answer pre-determined questions all day.

Sure do hope the agency employees did not answer questions to skew the data!

The project is costing the DFG $180,000 to hire a company to do a stream flow study in the Scott River.

The study is redundant to the max, as many studies and data have been gathered for up to 50 years on the Scott. Tremendous amount of the water flow data is available at the sister agency Dept. of Water Resources. But, apparently the end result of the other studies is NOT the intented goal.

No Comments

SCWUA speaks out as California PUC levies second surcharge

KBRA or KHSA, Klamath River & Dams, Siskiyou Water Users Assoc

PNP comment: This is a second surcharge on customers of Pacific Power in the Siskiyou area, which has the specific intent to be used to pay PacifiCorp’s portion of the cost of removal (destruction) of four, perfectly maintained and operating hydro-electric dams in the Klamath River. — Editor Liz Bowen

November 7, 2012

Re: CPUC decision on the Surcharge

The recent diatribe by John Bowman in the Siskiyou Daily News, which ostensibly reflected the decision by CPUC commissioners to adopt the decision of the ALJ Judge S. Wilson, actually avoided the real story.

I believe this was purposely done by Mr. Bowman to provide moral support to his position reflected in many such articles of his to not support the citizens of Siskiyou County, instead choosing to support those who would destroy the hydroelectric dams and kill the rivers by poisoning them with toxic sediment in the hopes that over an unknown period of time the rivers would be restored at the cost to the taxpayers of billions of dollars and that the fish would choose to return someday.

What should have been included in his one sided description of the CPUC decision was that there was substantial controversy represented in opinions submitted to the judge of the validity of the PacifiCorp representation of its need to increase the already onerous yoke of the surcharge being levied against a population that has clearly indicated its opposition to the removal of the dams.

Those briefs not explored by him include the Siskiyou County Water Users and the Division of Ratepayer Advocates (DRA), a division of the CPUC, whose function is to provide protection and a voice for the ratepayers (in short to try to keep the CPUC honest).

One of the issues raised in the brief prepared by SCWUA was the fact that PacifCorp inappropriately calculated the shortfall of funds, by not taking into account the interest being earned by them on the “float” of funds collected from the ratepayers before the deposit into the “Trust Accounts”.

This question was never responded to by PacifCorp and the judge did not respond to the issue.

The brief by the DRA outlined two issues of major importance ie and I quote “First the underlying Decision had clearly stated that if, in the future, PacifCorp sought a revision to the Klamath surcharge, it was to do so through a formal application.

Second, PacifiCorp had presented no compelling evidence that any of the conditions required by the KHSA prior to removal of the dams has been or will be met anytime soon.”

 Further, the DRA alleges that “since there is no factual basis for the Commission to authorize this rate increase, adoption of the Proposed Decision would be reversible error”.   The DRA goes on to argue that the Proposed Decision violates Public Utilities Code #451.

The DRA, has had a position since the inception of the proposed surcharge that it was and is inappropriate to charge it since the agreement (KHSA) is not been effectively ratified by all parties especially the Department of Interior and that California has yet to pass the required bond of $250 million dollars to cover the cost of dam removal.

The judge in an effort to pave the way for the commission to make its decision specifically limited the consideration of information to only the issue of the “acceleration” of the surcharge refusing to look at the questions which had been legitimately raised in the briefs.

So, why did the Commission disregard all the well laid out arguments and this of course is the issue Mr. Bowman has intentionally missed is that it is “political”  .  The Commission disregarded all meaningful evidence of the emasculated KHSA to try to bolster the Brown Administration effort and that of the “enviros” to destroy these dams and a way of life for Siskiyou County and its residents.

I would point out one other item of issue with Mr. Bowman’s article and that is the impact on the average household of $1.82 per household per month.  Isn’t the real source of concern, the uncalculated impact on the ranching and farming community in the County, who depend on reasonable electric rates for survival.

 Richard Marshall, president

Siskiyou County Water Users Assoc.


No Comments

Response to rejection of Northern California coho salmon from Endangered Species Act

Salmon and fish, Siskiyou Water Users Assoc

Coho de-listing petition rejection – Ridgecrest, CA – Ridgecrest Daily Independent – Ridgecrest, CA


Coho de-listing petition rejection

Siskiyou County Water Users Association coho de-listing petition

By Leo Bergeron,
President SCWUA
Montague, CA

Ridgecrest Daily Independent

October 9. 2012

Siskiyou County Water Users Association coho de-listing petition rejection response. Historical Note: In the late 1990s, a coho de-listing petition was rejected by NMFS and a federal court judge ruled in 2001 that the NMFS position was arbitrary, capricious and unlawful utilizing junk science. All coho listings in Southern Oregon and Northern California were withdrawn. The following are excerpts from the 14-page de-listing petition that has been rejected at this time.

Reasons for nominating the taxon for de-listing including any reference in any scientific journal or other literature dealing with the taxon

The Federal ESA has no provision for listing a non-indigenous species and there is no historical evidence that coho salmon were ever indigenous in the Klamath River Basin. The present listing by California ESA and NMFS has been based upon erroneous data and should be removed from the endangered or threatened listing under the California and Federal ESA. In addition to same, the following data clearly indicates that National Marine Fisheries Service ignored the science that was available to them and instead relied upon “junk science”.

In 2001, not one person on the Karuk Tribal Council believed that coho salmon were native to the Klamath River, within the tribe’s jurisdiction between Bluff Creek and Clear Creek on the California portion of the Klamath River, which is approximately between 91 and 140 miles below the lowest slated dam, Iron Gate, for removal, this statement is reflected for example, in the minutes of the Karuk Tribal Council meeting.

“Sandi Tripp. A written report was included in the packets and Sandi was present to review it with the council. She addressed questions and concerns the council members had. Discussion was had regarding coho salmon and whether or not they were ever present in the main stream and tributaries. Sandi states NMFS has scientific proof that there were coho present and if they can make the river conducive to these fish they can work towards getting them off the Endangered Species List and get rid of the NMFS presence. Council states it may be easier to prove the coho were never present, also, the other comment was made that if they were never here they should not be encouraged to come back.”

Shasta Tribe has held that coho salmon were never in the Klamath Basin

“The coho were planted in the Klamath River in the mid 1890s after being raised in hatcheries on Redwood Creek, Humboldt County, because they failed to thrive in the warmer river the coho were planted numerous times through the years. The coho were not native fish in the Klamath River.”

Quote from 2009 Water Quality Klamath TMDL scoping comment responses –

“The Regional Water Board can not establish life cycle-based water quality objectives for the mainstem Klamath River because the DO concentrations associated with salmonid life cycle requirements can not be met even under natural conditions – conditions in which there are no anthropogenic influences.”

Effects of timber, mining, farming and mismanagement of inland streams and rivers

“It does not appear that it is resource users (timber, farming, mining,) in the mid-Klamath is the reason, but is instead ocean and climatic conditions” on salmonid populations.

Final report – Coho Salmon-Steelhead – Klamath Expert Panels – 04/25/11

Dr. John Palmisano formerly a Marine mammal biologist for NMFS in Juneau, Alaska, teaching fisheries and biology at U of Washington an environmental scientist for a consulting firm in Bellevue, Wash. ((503) 645-5676) 1997: pg2. “Coastal waters from Mexico all the way to Alaska have gradually warmed since the climate shift of the 1970s and the subsequent, periodic affects of El Nino.” “It is estimated that 40-80 percent of estuarine habitat along the Pacific Northwest has been diminished or destroyed.” “It is clearly not the perceived mismanagement of inland streams and rivers that has caused the recent degradation of the salmonid population.”

It is also to be noted that upon genetic analysis of the “coho salmon in the Klamath Basin appears to be from plantings from Cascadia, Ore.” This statement also verifies the statement that coho salmon were never indigenous to the Klamath Basin.

Final Report – Coho Salmon-Steelhead – Klamath Expert Panels – 04/25/11

Pacific Northwest Coho Landings.

Based on the following data from NMFS (www.st.nmfs.noaa.gov/st1/commercial/landings/annual_landings.html)

It becomes clear that coho salmon population in the Pacific Northwest is not declining and that the coho have moved north into cooler Alaskan waters as a result of the historic rise in Pacific Ocean temperature. This NMFS data clearly indicates that coho salmon in the Pacific Northwest is not in decline, but is maintaining a 62-year average landing with 91 percent of coho being landed in cooler Alaskan waters in 2010. Prior to the warming of the Pacific Ocean the landings in 1950 of coho salmon in Alaskan waters was only 55 percent. This data alone negates the listing by California ESA and NMFS for coho salmon in any ESU south of Alaskan waters.

Importance of salmonids to native populations of California and dam effects

Native tribes have spoken of millions of Chinook salmon in the Klamath River prior to the construction of dams. However, the reality based on California Division of Fish and Game 1930 report, fish bulletin #34, the total number of salmon on the Klamath totaled between 30,000 and 45,000 prior to the dams being installed. After the dams, the numbers went up to between 45,000 and 90,000 fish Dr. Ken Gobalet Professor of Biology Ph.D. California State University, Bakersfield “The rarity of salmonids in archaeological materials suggests that the ethnographic record overstated the importance of salmonids to the Native Americans of California.” It becomes clear based on this evidence that dams have improved salmonid populations in the Klamath River. (www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~db=all~content=a932170617)

Siletz Tribes speak to low coho numbers

Van de Wetering, aquatics program leader of the Siletz Tribe, argues that “recent weak runs are most likely the result of unfavorable ocean conditions, which go through cycles.” (indiancountrynews.net/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=3936&Itemid=118)

1913 California Fish and Game Commission report

(CFGC 1913) W. H. Shebley, superintendent of hatcheries, writes “Most of the salmon and steelhead eggs were taken at the [Redwood Creek] substation, as there was no run of either kind of salmon in the Trinity River.” Any reported coho after 1895 were as a result of plantings in the Klamath.

There is no evidence in historical documentation that coho salmon were ever native to the Klamath River prior to plantings in 1895 and 1899. NMFS referral to statements made 36 years after initial plantings is arbitrary, capricious and ludicrous in an attempt to list a species that is non-indigenous to the Klamath River. Based on NMFS statements and “proof” there is little doubt that any court in the land would throw out this ridiculous claim of “proof.” (www.dfg.ca.gov/fish/documents/SAL_SH/SAL_Coho_StatusNorth_2002/SAL_Coho_StatusNorth_2002_D.pdf)

2006 California position on coho salmon

“California Fish and Game Finfish and Shellfish Identification Book” published in December 2006 does not list coho salmon as being present in California waters. This information alone should make it clear that California Fish and Game do not consider coho salmon native to the Klamath River.

Understanding coho reduction in California waters

In an attempt to understand the movement of commercial salmon into Alaskan waters research found that there has been a historic rise in temperature of the Pacific Ocean which directly correlates with the historic increased activity in the Ring of Fire volcanoes. In 2010, 91 percent of all coho salmon have been caught in Alaskan waters. Although California, Oregon and Washington commercial fisheries are suffering, there is significant scientific evidence that the Pacific Ocean temperature increase is the primary cause. In 1950, the total catch of coho salmon in Alaskan waters was 55 percent. Further, in 1960, the total coho catch in the Pacific Northwest was 6,200 metric tons and in 2012, was 15,079 metric tons, according to NMFS landing data again proving coho salmon are not in peril of extinction.

Genetic analysis of hatchery vs. natural salmon

The initial statement regarding the controversy between “natural” and “hatchery” fish was made in a report by Busack and Currens in 1995, wherein they stated, “Interbreeding with hatchery fish might reduce fitness and productivity of a natural population.” Mr. Michael Rode of the California Department of Fish and Game at a hatchery evaluation meeting on Sept. 19, 2002 at Iron Gate Hatchery disclosed that less than a 2 percent genetic survey has been taken to date and no genetic differences have been noted between “hatchery” or “natural” coho salmon. A 2011 report by the expert panel indicated that their genetic analysis indicated the salmon in Northern California were from Cascadia, Ore. plantings.

In summary

Based on evidence presented in this petition, coho salmon were never indigenous to the Klamath River and the listing of coho salmon by California ESA and Federal ESA should be terminated. Concluding that coho salmon were not indigenous, there is no provision in the Endangered Species Act to list a non-native species. Not only were they not indigenous, scientific evidence is conclusive that planted coho runs in the Klamath Basin in Northern California have moved north due to historic warming of the Pacific Ocean. This clearly indicates that said listings are in violation of the Federal ESA and are unlawful, arbitrary and capricious.

Final Report – coho salmon-steelhead – Klamath expert panels – 04/25/11

Further, the Department of the Interior and U.S. Fish and Wildlife are in violation of the Federal ESA as their mandates are restricted to freshwater species and their involvement in the dam removal issue is out of their jurisdiction for a salt water species of fish.

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News in Jefferson Country 7-23-12

Jefferson News Service, KSYC radio, News in Jefferson Country, POW, Siskiyou Water Users Assoc

July 23, 2012

Broadcast on KSYC radio 103.9 FM in Yreka, CA

Listen LIVE !



Lots of meetings this week

There are lots of meetings this week.  Tony Intiso will speak about the Klamath River issues at the Yreka Tea Party meeting on Tuesday, July 24th at the Decision Life Church on corner of Main and Oberlin Streets in Yreka. Time is 6:30 p.m.

Scott Valley Protect Our Water will hold its meeting this Thursday, July 26th at the Catholic Parish Hall on Carlock Street in Fort Jones.

Time  is 7 p.m. Bring a dessert to share.

Lots on the agenda, including the newly released demands for Klamath, Shasta and Scott Rivers by the Clean Water Act folks at the North Coast Regional Water Qualtiy Control Board in Santa Rosa.

Then on Friday, Siskiyou Water Users Association will hold its annual membership meeting at the Greenhorn Grange. Time is 6:30 p.m. on July 27th.

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