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Browsing the blog archivesfor the day Thursday, August 4th, 2011.

These horses evade mountain lions all the time


These two horses live in a mountain pasture quite a way from any stables, barns or homes. And they survive well with the wildlife, even mountain lions.

Below this mountain lion did not do well trying to cross Highway 3 near Etna, CA.

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Mt. lion killed by car two miles outside of Etna


Photo by Dan Deppen

This photo has been making the rounds on email here in Scott Valley as it is fairly unusual for a mt. lion to be hit by a car.  Guess those bright head lights are deceiving for more than just deer, skunks, racoons, rabbits and foxes.

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In Alaska the coho salmon are called silvers, of which there are plenty. Coho are not listed with the Endangered Species Act in Alaska, only in Northern California

Salmon and fish

Mat-Su streams hot for silvers, pinks, chums

Anchorage Daily News

Published: August 3rd, 2011 10:57 PM
Last Modified: August 3rd, 2011 10:58 PM

The folks at Mountain View Sports Center in Anchorage report that Mat-Su streams are fishing great for silvers, pinks and chums. The lower stretches of Willow and Montana creeks are the best options, with No. 4 Vibrax being the lure of choice. If you’re a fly-fisher, try egg-sucking leeches, bunny leeches or popsicle patterns.

The Kenai still has good sockeye fishing as hundreds of thousands of them push upriver. Fresh fish can be caught below the Russian River (the Upper Kenai) and throughout the middle Kenai (below Skilak Lake). Rainbow and Dolly Varden fishing is also picking up throughout the Kenai system. Leech patterns and Dolly Llamas have been working well for rainbows. Beads are working in some of the Kenai’s smaller tributaries.

Silver and humpy fishing at Ship and Bird creeks has improved this week. Try fishing a No. 3 or No. 4 Vibrax, or drift some cured roe under a bobber in Ship Creek.

Ocean fishing is still very good, with lots of halibut being caught.

Alaska Troutfitters in Cooper Landing reports the Upper Kenai trout fishing is improving daily as sockeyes caught by salmon anglers are filleted and their carcasses tossed back into the river to become food for rainbows and dollies. The trout are taking flesh flies more aggressively, so fling a micro flesh fly out there and hold on.

The kings are building nests and will soon start dropping eggs in the deeper water mid-river, so expect the bead bite to begin soon.

Sockeye anglers, remember that the fish move in schools, so if you aren’t seeing any at a given moment, be patient and another group is likely come though within an hour or two.

Read more: http://www.adn.com/2011/08/03/1999588/mat-su-streams-hot-for-silvers.html#ixzz1U5kXe4gN

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Kenai River sockeye estimate scaled back but still huge

Salmon and fish

RUN STILL BIG: Estimate of 6 million still would be in the all-time top five.

The Associated Press

Published: August 1st, 2011 09:30 PM
Last Modified: August 2nd, 2011 07:44 AM

The Alaska Department of Fish and Game reduced its initial projection for how many sockeye salmon are returning to the Kenai River but the projected return this summer remains one of the biggest.

The latest estimate for the run of sockeye salmon, also called reds, is about 6 million. The Alaska Journal of Commerce says that would place the run in the all-time top five for Kenai sockeye returns. The previous projected return was 6.7 million sockeyes. The all-time return record for Kenai sockeye was about 9.4 million in 1987, the paper reported Monday.

Through July 27, the total sockeye harvest for Upper Cook Inlet was 4.6 million, 600,000 more than the preseason forecast. The state agency estimates that about 5 million sockeye have been harvested so far this summer.

The agency has kept some closures in place for commercial fishing in order to protect a below-average run of king salmon, including setnet closures. Dipnetters also have been prohibited from keeping king salmon and in-river anglers have not been allowed to use bait since July 25.

Conservation measures are needed to ensure king salmon escapement — or the number of fish that reach spawning grounds — exceeds 17,800, according to agency officials. As of July 25, when the late run is typically 80 percent complete, the estimate for total king salmon passage was 15,704.

Read more: http://www.adn.com/2011/08/01/1995537/kenai-river-sockeye-return-scaled.html#ixzz1U5jhaxgA

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South West Oregon Mining Assoc. has some interesting youtubes exposing Karuk Council members

Klamath River & Dams, Salmon and fish


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Of course we know that any “collaborative” or “adaptive” or “conservation” or “sustainability” regarding water will be destructive to agriculture and has noting to do with “sufficient clean water for drinking.” But that is my opinion.– Admin Liz Bowen

California water, Federal gov & land grabs, Klamath River & Dams

Salazar Announces $2.7 Million in WaterSMART Funding to Study River Basins and Improve Water Systems


Contact: Joan Moody, DOI (202) 208-6416
Peter Soeth, Reclamation (303) 445-3615


WASHINGTON, DC—Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar today announced that the Bureau of Reclamation is providing $2.7 million in funding for studies in California, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah and Texas through the U.S. Department of the Interior’s WaterSMART Program.

A total of $1.8 million of the funds will be used to collaboratively study seven basins and identify adaptation strategies in the western United States where imbalances between water supply and demand exist or are projected. The remaining $900,000 will be shared by eight water delivery systems to study ways to improve water efficiency and operations.

“The funding announced today provides just the latest example of how the WaterSMART program focuses on improving water conservation and sustainability while helping water resource managers provide for future water demand,” Secretary Salazar said. “Implementation of the WaterSMART Program is a critical tool to help ensure that current and future generations will have sufficient supplies of clean water for drinking, economic activities, recreation and ecosystem health.”

Salazar established the WaterSMART program in February, 2010 – the SMART in WaterSMART stands for “Sustain and Manage America’s Resources for Tomorrow” – in cooperation with Deputy Secretary David J. Hayes, Assistant Secretary for Water and Science Anne Castle, and Bureau of Reclamation Commissioner Michael L. Connor. Since then, more than $77 million has been provided through the program to non-federal partners, including tribes, water districts and universities.

“Meeting future water demands is vital to our nation’s security as well as our health, economy and environment,” said Assistant Secretary Castle. “Through these collaborative WaterSMART basin studies, Reclamation will come together with other federal, state and local governments and tribes to assess anticipated future water supplies and demands, and propose jointly crafted solutions to address shortages.”

Today’s announcements include four full basin studies: Hood River in Oregon; Klamath River in California and Oregon; Lower Rio Grande River in Texas; and the Santa Fe, Upper Rio Grande and San Juan rivers in New Mexico.

The basin studies will incorporate the latest science, including engineering technology, climate models and innovation. The projects will be cost-shared with the non-federal partners and will include basin-specific plans that recommend collaborative solutions to help meet water demands and foster sustainable development.

In addition to these four full basin studies, three other watersheds were selected to complete plans of study with Reclamation – the Los Angeles Watershed in California, Republican River in Kansas and Nebraska, and Sacramento-San Joaquin Rivers in California. These plans will define the outcomes and set the scope and focus for future basin study application opportunities.

Salazar also announced that Reclamation Commissioner Connor has selected eight water systems in California, Kansas, Oregon and Utah to receive a total of $904,906 in WaterSMART grants to study improving water efficiency and operations.

“Improvements in both water efficiency and energy efficiency are critical to meeting present and future demands across the West,” said Commissioner Connor. “Through these reviews, Reclamation and its partners will identify improvements that enhance the sustainability of limited water supplies and support long-term economic and environmental needs.”

The “system optimization reviews” are assessments focused on improving efficiency and operations of a water delivery system. A plan of action is developed identifying efficiency and operations improvements, including the integration of renewable energy components and other physical or operational improvements.

The recommended improvements may be eligible in the future for Reclamation’s water and energy efficiency grant funding through WaterSMART. These grants fund on-the-ground improvements that improve water management, increase energy efficiency in the delivery of water, and other activities to prevent water-related crisis and conflict.

Through WaterSMART, Reclamation also provides funding for pilot and demonstration projects that explore the use of advanced water treatment to create new water supplies, as well as funding to develop tools and information to more efficiently manage water in a changing climate.

A state-by-state summary of all the river basin studies and system optimization reviews announced today follows.

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Funding for Klamath River is $1,944,000

California water, Federal gov & land grabs, Klamath River & Dams

Department of the Interior WaterSMART Grants for River Basin Studies and System Optimization Reviews


Basin Plan of Study, Klamath River, California and Oregon
Reclamation Funding: $925,000 Total Funding: $1,944,000

The Klamath River Basin straddles the boundary between California and Oregon, covering approximately 12,100 square miles. The basin is affected by a variety of water supply and demand imbalances that are expected to increase with projected climate change. Recent negotiations and resolutions require ongoing cooperation and participation of federal, tribal, state and local governments along with fishing, environmental and other organizations. The basin study will collaboratively develop a basin-wide perspective of the climate change-related risks for supply and demand that may affect agriculture, anadromous and resident fish, recreation, municipal and domestic water supplies, hydropower and flood control facilities. This effort will assess potential impacts of climate change on snowpack and precipitation, timing and quality of runoff, groundwater recharge and discharge and any increases in demand and/or reservoir evaporation; and will develop structural and non-structural options to address current and projected imbalances in the basin.

Basin Plan of Study, Greater Los Angeles, California
Reclamation Funding: $75,000 Total Funding: $75,000

The Los Angeles County Flood Control District owns and operates 14 major flood control dams, 155 debris basins, 27 spreading grounds, and more than 3,400 miles of channels and storm drains. It serves 10 million residents within 2,752 square miles. The plan of study will outline the steps and deliverables of a basin study that will assess the District’s water conservation system, investigate strategies to create a local sustainable water supply, and help reduce dependence on imported water sources.

Basin Plan of Study, Sacramento-San Joaquin Rivers, California
Reclamation Funding: $150,000 Total Funding: $300,000

The Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers are located in California’s Central Valley. These two basins are physically and operationally connected within the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta. Water supplies from these two basins serve approximately 25 million people in the Central Valley and Southern California, as well as 7 million acres of irrigated agriculture. These basins experience wide fluctuations in water supply and currently experience shortfalls even in average years.

System Optimization Review, Bella Vista Water District, 2011 Water System Optimization Review- Water and Energy Efficiency Study
Reclamation Funding: $47,547 Total Project Cost: $110,157

The Bella Vista Water District in Shasta County will perform a System Optimization Review of the district’s service area, including evaluating ditch lining and piping alternatives in the Cook & Butcher Ditch. The district estimates that such improvements have the potential to conserve approximately 800 acre-feet of water annually in an area that is experiencing increased competition for water supplies as a result of population growth. The district will also evaluate sites and capacities for new storage tanks to avoid pumping at peak times and will investigate the potential for solar energy at pumping stations.

System Optimization Review, Solano Irrigation District, Solano Irrigation District’s Water Delivery Planning Study: Optimization of Conveyance and Level of Service
Reclamation Funding: $158,500 Total Project Cost: $318,500

The Solano Irrigation District will conduct a System Optimization Review as part of an effort to maximize efficient use of the district’s average annual supply to help protect depleted groundwater supplies in the area. The district will review historical water supply and demand information, currently available supplies, and the existing capacity of the surface water delivery system to better understand water management issues and the potential for improvements. The district will also compare water conservation delivery improvements based on their cost effectiveness.

System Optimization Review, City of Santa Monica, California, Development of a Sustainable Water Master Plan to Achieve Local Water Self-Sufficiency in the City of Santa Monica

Reclamation Funding: $300,000

Total Project Cost: $640,112

The city of Santa Monica will conduct a System Optimization Review as part of an effort to reduce its use of imported water supplies. The city will evaluate water efficiency strategies to minimize potable and non-potable water demand and maximize the use of all local water resources, including the use of groundwater and recycled water. If the city is able to meet its goal of eliminating imported water it will also conserve from approximately 8 to 10 million kilowatt hours of energy per year, as a result of reduced pumping.

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