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Browsing the blog archives for December, 2016.

Klamath: Irrigators win water decision

Agriculture, Air, Climate & Weather, Federal gov & land grabs, Klamath Project - BOR, Klamath River & Dams

PNP comment: This is huge folks, HUGE !!! It is just terrible that it took 15 years to get to the right decision! — Editor Liz Bowen

  • MICHAEL DOYLE (Klamath Falls) Herald & News


AP file photo

Phil Norton, manager of the Klamath Basin National Wildlife Refuges in Tulelake, Calif., on July 17, 2001, walks across the mud flats that were created when water from the Klamath River was cut off.


Northern California and Oregon irrigation districts have won a key round in a long-running legal battle as they seek compensation for their loss of water in the Klamath River Basin.

In a 53-page opinion, U.S. Court of Federal Claims Judge Marilyn Blank Horn concluded the federal government’s 2001 diversion of Klamath River Basin water amounted to a “physical taking” of the irrigation districts’ property. Horn’s ruling Wednesday rejected the government’s argument that the diversion instead amounted to a “regulatory taking.”

The technical-sounding difference could shape the final dollar-and-cents’ outcome. As attorney Josh Patashnik put it in a Santa Clara Law Review article, a judge’s determination of a physical rather than regulatory taking “often plays a central role in determining whether property owners are paid compensation.”

“The distinction is important because physical takings constitute per se takings and impose a ‘categorical duty’ on the government to compensate the owner, whereas regulatory takings generally require balancing and ‘complex factual assessments,’ ” Horn noted.

Horn’s decision marks the latest turn in a roller-coaster case first filed Oct. 11, 2001, by the Klamath Irrigation District, individual farmers and other water users in the region straddling Northern California and southern Oregon. The case went back and forth and was originally dismissed but then resurrected in 2011 by an appeals court.

The districts and farmers, represented by the D.C.-based Marzulla Law firm, contend the government owes compensation, under the Fifth Amendment, for the temporary cessation of water deliveries in 2001 in order to protect endangered species including the Lost River sucker. The various legal and procedural complications are enumerated in the 474 separate court filings made since the first lawsuit landed in the court located near the White House.

Drawing support from past Western water cases, Horn noted that government officials employed “physical means” to cut off the farmers’ water.

“By refusing to release water from Upper Klamath Lake and Klamath River, the government prevented water that would have, under the status quo ante, flowed into the Klamath Project canals and to the plaintiffs,” Horn wrote.

Horn added that she was in “no way making any determinations as to the nature or scope of plaintiffs’ alleged property rights,” which will be figured out in a trial.


In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107, any copyrighted material herein is distributed without profit or payment to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving this information for non-profit research and educational purposes only. For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml


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Siskiyou Co: Escapee Captured after Local Manhunt

Sheriff Jon Lopey, Siskiyou Sheriff's report

Siskiyou Co Sheriff’s Report

          On Thursday, December 29th at 11:19 a.m., a Siskiyou County Sheriff’s Office (SCSO) deputy arrived at the Siskiyou County Jail in Yreka with two felony arrestee’s when one was able to jump out of the patrol unit and flee on foot onto nearby Butte Street.  The deputy was unable to pursue the suspect on foot because he had a high-profile arrest suspect in-custody at the time.

A large-scale search was initiated of the area after the suspect was last seen fleeing in a westerly direction in the 400 block of Gold Street in Yreka.  Units from the SCSO, field and jail; Yreka Police Department (YPD), Siskiyou County District Attorney’s Office’s Bureau of Investigation, Siskiyou Unified Major Investigation Team, Siskiyou County Probation Department, California Highway Patrol, both ground and aerial unit, H-16, United States Forest Service and CAL FIRE law enforcement units responded to the area to search for the suspect, identified as Mr. Aaron Bradley Peruzzi, 21, of Weed.  Peruzzi was arrested earlier by SCSO deputies for possession of a stolen firearm on South Old Stage Road just outside Mt. Shasta.

A “CODE RED” was broadcast to area residents and social media sites used to disseminate information about the suspect, including a description and photograph.  A perimeter was established to facilitate the search by law enforcement responders.  Reports from citizens were generated and several leads investigated but none resulted in the apprehension of the suspect.  Just prior to 12:44 p.m., a citizen reported a man matching the suspect’s description in a field in vicinity of the 400 block of S. Gold Street.  Responding units were able to locate the person, identified him as the suspect, and he was taken into custody without incident.  Peruzzi was booked at the Siskiyou County Jail for the gun possession charge and he was charged with escape.

According to Sheriff Jon Lopey, “It was an exhaustive search but ultimately we prevailed and Mr. Peruzzi was taken into custody, thanks to the prompt actions of SCSO, YPD, and our federal, state, and local law enforcement counterparts and the alert actions by a local citizen.  Escapes from custody are rare but when they happen they potentially endanger the public and are always a high priority for involved law enforcement agencies.  I want to thank all of the citizens and law enforcement responders for doing a good job in a team effort to successfully recapture Mr. Peruzzi and bring this incident to a safe and successful conclusion.”  Anyone with additional information about Mr. Peruzzi’s actions prior to or during the escape is urged to contact the SCSO’s 24-hour Dispatch Center at (530) 841-2900.

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Fight on over Bears Ears monument in Utah

Dept. of INTERIOR, Federal gov & land grabs, State gov


Deseret News.com

SALT LAKE CITY — Angry Utah leaders are vowing to do everything within their power to unravel President Barack Obama’s Wednesday designation of a new national monument in Utah.

They say they will call on the Trump administration to reverse the proclamation, file a lawsuit or if nothing else, shrink the size of the 1.35-million-acre Bears Ears Monument with congressional legislation and wipe away any last bit of funding.

Despite the fist shaking from critics, Christy Goldfuss, managing director of the White House Council on Environmental Quality, said the Obama administration does not fear the backlash in Utah and added there’s no belief that an attempt to rescind the proclamation will prove successful.

“No presidents have actually undone a monument by a (previous) president,” she said, adding that there is no provision in the Antiquities that expressly would allow that action.

Goldfuss actually made the official announcement of the monument designation in an embargoed teleconference with reporters 60 minutes before it went public.

The designation was sought by the leaders of five Native American tribes and a coalition of environmental and conservation groups, much to the dismay of San Juan County leaders and Utah’s top elected officials.

Rep. Rob Bishop, R-Utah, said just because rescinding a monument hasn’t been done, doesn’t mean it can’t be done. There’s no precedent, he stressed.

“As Utahns, we will use every tool at our disposal to do the right thing,” he said. “As Utahns, we will fight to right this wrong.”

Sen. Mike Lee, R-Utah, called the designation an “arrogant act by lame a duck president” that will not stand.

“I will work tirelessly with Congress and the incoming Trump administration to honor the will of the people and undo this designation.”



In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107, any copyrighted material herein is distributed without profit or payment to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving this information for non-profit research and educational purposes only. For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

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California to drivers: Starting Sunday, don’t hold that cellphone

State gov

Sac Bee.com

December 27, 2016 10:44 AM

In Sacramento, where distracted driving has reached dangerous levels, drivers expressed mixed feelings this week about a new state law cracking down on cellphone use by motorists.

Starting Sunday, drivers no longer will be allowed to hold their cellphones in their hands for any reason, including using any of a phone’s apps, such as music playlists.

“The whole idea is you don’t have the phone in your hand, period,” said Assemblyman Bill Quirk, D-Hayward, author of the new law, which he says should make it easier for officers to stop and cite drivers for illegal phone use.

Quirk’s bill, AB 1785, plugged what safety officials called a major loophole in the state’s groundbreaking hands-free cellphone laws. Those laws ban talking and texting on handheld phones while driving. But any other handheld use of a phone, such as shooting videos or scanning Facebook, has been technically legal.

Under the new law, drivers can still use their cellphones if they do it hands-free, which often means voice activated and operated.

However, phones must be mounted on the dashboard or windshield. With a phone mounted, the new law allows the driver to touch the phone once, to “activate or deactivate a feature or function … with the motion of a single swipe or tap of the driver’s finger.”

The law is designed to stop people from holding their phones for a variety of uses that have become popular in recent years, including checking and posting on Facebook, using Snapchat, scrolling through Spotify or Pandora playlists, typing addresses into the phone’s mapping system, or making videos and taking photos.

A California Office of Traffic Safety study this year determined that 1 out of 8 drivers on the road is paying as much attention to his or her smartphone as to the road. State road safety officials estimate that some form of distracted driving is a factor in 80 percent of crashes. That’s prompted numerous education and enforcement efforts in California aimed at reducing distracted driving.

“Smartphones and apps have made that a very difficult goal,” state traffic safety spokesman Chris Cochran said. “We recognize that it’s not going to be a quick turnaround, but a long haul.”

Few Sacramentans this week said they had heard of the new law, and many said they wonder how enforceable it will be.

Read more here: http://www.sacbee.com/news/local/transportation/article123126354.html#storylink=cpy

In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107, any copyrighted material herein is distributed without profit or payment to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving this information for non-profit research and educational purposes only. For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

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Liz Writes Life 12-27-16

Liz Writes Life

Dec. 27, 2016

Liz Writes Life

Published in Siskiyou Daily News, Yreka, CA.

Merry Christmas – two days late! With the light snowfall and cold temps, it certainly felt like an old-fashioned Christmas. Sure makes me appreciate our modern conveniences like a chain saw to cut wood and our pickups to haul it. No horses to harness or wagon to hitch up. I consider running water, especially the heated kind from a hot water tank, to be a necessity. But that wasn’t always the case.

As you can tell, I am counting my blessings for being born in a time filled with mechanical conveniences. I appreciate gas fuel, hydro-dams and anything else that powers our electric grids, vehicles and wondrous machines.

It has been a while since I looked through the book published by the Eschscholtzia Parlor No. 112 of the Native Daughters of the Golden West called “ETNA – from Mule Train to ‘Copter”. Boy, it really makes me appreciate the toughness of our ancestors.

The editors for this book printed, August 1, 1965, were Loreita M. Campbell and Dorice E. Young. Four additional women were thanked for typing the book and I believe the only one who is still with us is Beverly Berryhill, who was also the school secretary when I attended Etna Elementary School in the 1960s.

One of the first photos was courtesy of Bill Smith, who lived on Main Street and was still alive when my parents built a home on Main Street in 1967. The photo showed two furry burrows pulling a giant sled and several smaller ones full of teens and children. Yep, there was sufficient snow for the use of a sled.

On the next page is a photo of Bill and John Ahlgren on skis with a pack team of horses and mules in the snow. For years, they packed the mail from Etna over Salmon Mt. to Sawyers Bar in the early 1900s. I should know the exact time period. I think Bill was probably born in the 1890s. They were older men, when I was a kid.

My Grandpa and Grandma Dillman were living on Etna’s cemetery hill in 1929, when Grandma Rose woke her children up early one snowy morning, so they could watch Bill putting snowshoes on the mules. And they were still a good mile or more before starting up the incline of the mountain. Wow, that must have been a difficult journey! Apparently, that winter boasted a lot of snow in Etna and Scott Valley.

According to the book, when the pack trains were unable to cross the snowy mountains, the men carried mail packs weighing up to 80 pounds on their backs. (You have got to be kidding me!) In 1877, Charles Hooker was a mail carrier who died from exposure and exhaustion, while carrying the mail down the southern side of the mountain.

Then soon after 1900, Ed Harris, John Peters and a man named Jenkins were carrying the mail. Harris didn’t like the threatening looks of the snow on Rocky Point and said they should take a longer safer route. He did, they didn’t and an avalanche took them out. One was later found wrapped around a tree and the other at the bottom of the canyon. Remember, because of many active gold mines there were lots of men working in the Salmon River country and the mail must get through!

A real road was not established over Salmon Mt. until 1891. I wonder just how wide was the road? One photo shows “Dad” Naylor with his Sawyers Bar horse-drawn stage getting ready to leave from Etna. Boy, those narrow-rimmed wooden wheels do not look very sturdy.

One of the big changes in transportation occurred, when the Bennett Company purchased two “Republic” trucks and later five “White” trucks to carry mail, freight and passengers. The Bennett Company had survived the downsizing of mule pack trains over Salmon summit and saw the wave of the future was with freight vehicles.

A photo from 1918 shows four Bennett Stages with drivers, Bill, and his brother, Ralph Smith, George Samon, Clarence Barlet, Carl Lewis and Bill Quigley. The photo is amazingly sharp and revealing. I wouldn’t even consider riding in one of those rickety-looking trucks over Salmon Mt. on today’s paved road!

Whether with a mule train, freight wagon or 1918 vehicles, those men were brave.

The beginning article ends with a discussion on the first helicopter base in Scott Valley in the late 1950s. Robert “Bob” Trimble was a young helicopter pilot, who persuaded Bill Mathews and Erling Hjertager to establish a helicopter business outside of Etna on Mathew’s ranch. Bob patrolled mountains for signs of fire, rescued people who had been injured in the mountains and flew critically ill people to hospitals for medical care. Another wave of the future!

Tragedy struck in 1960 or 1961. Bob Trimble was killed, when his helicopter crashed flying over the Kidder Creek area. Even though I was only five or six, I remember this as his young son, Jerry, was in my Etna Elementary School class. But the business was up and running, so Hjertager’s son, Harold, who was also a pilot, continued on and expanded the business.

I have visited with Harold on and off over the years. He is now retired, but the helicopters and pilots were indispensable during the 1964 huge flood. Harold and the other pilots distributed 1,000s of pounds of food and supplies to hungry, cut-off and isolated folks in the Salmon River area. Bridges and roads were washed out. He told me they flew for several months delivering supplies of food and propane tanks.

This small summation shows the vital role various modes of transportation have played in the Etna and Salmon River country. I believe copies of this book are available at the Etna Library and may be available for purchase at the Siskiyou Co. Museum in Yreka.

Liz Bowen is a native of Siskiyou County and lives near Callahan. Call her at 530-467-3515.

# # #

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Locked out: Jeanette Finicum struggles with BLM after shooting death of her husband, LaVoy, by Oregon State Troopers

Agriculture, Bundy Battle - Nevada, Bureau of Land Management, cattle, CORRUPTION, Courts, CRIMINAL, Federal gov & land grabs, LaVoy Finicum, Lawsuits, Liberty, OCCUPY whatever

Tri-State Livestock News

Back to: News

Her husband will never return to trail the cows to winter range again, but Jeanette Finicum is determined that she will get the job done, eventually.

Although she’s provided a check to fully cover fines assessed over the last year, the Arizona rancher continues to be locked out of both her winter and summer grazing ranges.

Jeanette, whose husband Robert “LaVoy” Fincium was shot and killed by Oregon State Troopers last January, has managed grazing decisions on their northern Arizona ranch alone since his Jan. 26, 2016 death.

Pounding staples, doctoring sick calves and putting out mineral are on Jeanette’s list of tasks to complete throughout the year. Those are the easy jobs. She can soon add a much more painful item to the list: filing suit against the Bureau of Land Management. She plans to file suit within the next two weeks.

“My husband is dead because he went out to help the Hammonds. He stood for them and now they (the federal government) are trying real hard to make an example out of my husband. This is what will happen if you dare stand up. It’s like they are saying ‘you get in your place and don’t get out of it again or we’ll put you in solitary confinement or we’ll kill you.’ That’s what I see happening — innocent people are in jail right now.” Jeanette Finicum

The Finicums manage two separate grazing permits – summer and winter. Their 16,000 acres of winter range is to be grazed between Oct. 15 and May 15.

During the fall of 2015, LaVoy decided to utilize one pasture of his of winter range that hadn’t been grazed in six years. “The grass was really tall and he said, ‘I’m going to let the cows use the grass.’” Although his range allotment agreement allows him 169 AUMs, LaVoy had never turned out more than 70 head of cows on his winter range – in fact, many years it was less than that. He put his cattle on this pasture about 40 days before Oct. 15.

In order to best utilize the grass, some of the 70 cows remained on that pasture throughout the winter, and others were moved “on top” to the “mountain” where the rest of the winter range is located.

“As ranchers we take into consideration all of these things – we want to use the grass in a way that is best for the grass,” Jeanette said.

Jeanette explains that the land that she and LaVoy always considered their “summer” range is actually a small allotment that allows for maintenance of 35 AUMS year round, but they only used the land in the summer.

“It wouldn’t serve that property well (to graze it year round). We want to be good stewards of the range,” she said. “I know there are bad apples out there but most ranchers want the land to be well taken care of to be able to produce and stay healthy.”

The Finicums’ grazing fees have always been paid in full, she explains. Before traveling to Oregon to join protesters in opposition to the arrest of federal land ranchers Steven and Dwight Hammond, LaVoy had announced his plan to begin to pay his grazing fees to the county rather then the feds. He believed that constitutionally the state and county should be managing the land. “He made the announcement that he was no longer going to sign the contract, but the contracts were still in effect.” Because of of LaVoy’s untimely death, the contract remained intact and grazing fees were paid, Jeanette said.

Jeanette said that the BLM fined her trespass fees for the days the cattle were on the winter allotment prior to Oct. 15, and fees continued to accrue, even after the Oct . 15 turn-out date came and went.

In an effort to reduce the trespass fees to a more reasonable figure, Jeanette negotiated with the BLM throughout the spring. It came to her attention that she would not be allowed to use her “summer” range and she began to look for alternative pasture. Finding none, she felt like she had “nowhere to go,” and finally decided to dry-lot her cows and calves, taking them off winter range the first weekend in July.

Although Tri-State Livestock News asked Arizona state BLM representatives a number of questions relating to this subject, their response was brief:

“The Bureau of Land Management has been in contact with attorneys representing Jeanette Finicum and LaVoy Finicum’s estate since May 2016, in an attempt to resolve fines associated with a nearly year-long grazing trespass on the Tuckup Allotment,” said Amber Cargile, director of communications for Arizona’s BLM department.

Jeanette continued negotiations with the BLM to not only lessen the trespass fines, but also to complete other paperwork the BLM was calling for because they were not recognizing her as the allotment owner.

Rather than allow Jeanette to take over the grazing allotments after LaVoy’s death, state BLM representatives said she was not considered the heir to the allotments, even though she was the widow of one. They told her the grazing permits terminated upon his death and that she would have to start at square one with the application process to graze her (their) cattle on the allotment. Jeanette said the BLM also told her that her grazing rights are not “inheritable,” but she and her attorney disagree. “It is property and an asset to our estate,” she said.

The BLM said an environmental impact study would have to be conducted to determine whether or not she was eligible to graze the allotments.

Jeanette’s attorney advised her that under BLM rule 43 CFR 4110.2-3, the BLM is required to provide her two years to meet any paperwork requirements, and must allow her to continue to graze her cattle during those two years. Jeanette said she and her attorneys brought this law to the attention of BLM representatives and were told, “we don’t do it that way.”

“The BLM recognizes that Mrs. Finicum is a personal representative of her late husband’s estate. The BLM has been working with Mrs. Finicum and her legal counsel on issues related to both the fees associated with her husband’s estate as well as the future of the permit. Due to the ongoing nature of these discussions, we’re not at liberty to provide additional details at this time,” said BLM’s Cargile.

Jeannette drylotted the cows and calves throughout the summer to avoid selling the entire herd. She worked to meet BLM requirements, planning to turn her cattle out on winter range at the proper time without incident. Fines of over $12,000 had mounted over the trespass and when negotiations continued to dead-end, Jeanette decided to pay those fines in full.

With a 50-mile trail to her winter range, Mrs. Finicum had begun moving cattle on Oct. 13, planning to make about 15 miles per day until she arrived. Her mother in law had agreed to deliver a check for $12,355.47, the amount of the trespass fines, and her application required for the BLM’s environmental impact study. “I was told we had a deal with the BLM,” she remembers.

About one full day into the trail, a messenger arrived telling her that the BLM would not take her check and that she would not be allowed to turn her cattle onto her BLM winter range allotment.

“They said they weren’t accepting my check I’m 14 miles into the middle of the desert with cows and calves and nowhere to go,” she recalls.

“I had to find another range. My attorney and I, at that point, were still trying to negotiate. We thought it would be less than 30 days and I’d be back on my range. Finally my attorney said, ‘Jeanette, this is ridiculous.’ They won’t even follow their own laws, you need to do something, you need to move forward.”

So she decided to file suit.

Jeanette said her sister in law stepped in and offered pasture for her cattle for now.

While she and her late husband always maintained a cordial working relationship with their local BLM office, the state office has now been in communication with her regarding all of these issues, Jeanette said. “My husband and I liked the local range conservationists. We always got along with them. But their hands are tied.” She said that the state BLM office only communicates vaguely, such as offering to negotiate but not following through. “They say they want to work with you but then they do nothing.

“They don’t want my cows back out there.”

She’s “a little angry,” at the whole situation. “My husband is dead because he went out to help the Hammonds. He stood for them and now they (the federal government) are trying real hard to make an example out of my husband. This is what will happen if you dare stand up. It’s like they are saying ‘you get in your place and don’t get out of it again or we’ll put you in solitary confinement or we’ll kill you.’ That’s what I see happening – innocent people are in jail right now,” she said, referencing Steven and Dwight Hammond and five members of the Bundy family.

LaVoy was shot to death during last January’s protest headquartered on the Malheur Wildlife Refuge near Burns, Oregon. While traveling with a caravan of peaceful protesters to a community meeting about federal land issues in nearby John Day,

Oregon, state and federal officers arrested all members of the party except LaVoy, who they killed after he exited his vehicle at a police stop point. The Oregon State Police later claimed that LaVoy was reaching for a weapon.

The Oregon State Police were cleared of any wrongdoing in March when the local investigators determined that the state troopers’ fatal shots were justified. But two shots from FBI agents remain under investigation. Initially FBI agents denied taking the shots toward LaVoy as he exited the vehicle with his hands in the air, but it was later proven that the shells were deployed from FBI weapons.

Jeanette said she has filed an intent to sue for wrongful death over LaVoy’s murder.

Locked out: Jeanette Finicum struggles with BLM after shooting death of her husband, LaVoy, by Oregon State Troopers

In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107, any copyrighted material herein is distributed without profit or payment to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving this information for non-profit research and educational purposes only. For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

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Off Road Vehicle project will be discussed at Yreka Tea Party 1-3-17

Ray Haupt, Siskiyou County, TEA Party

Yreka Tea Party Patriots

Meeting for Tuesday, Jan. 3rd 2017

6:30 PM at the Covenant Chapel Church

200 Greenhorn Rd.   Yreka 


Ray Haupt, County Supervisor Dist. 5


Voices of Concern Citizens

ORV (Off Road Vehicle) Ordinance

“Friend or Foe, Get Up to Speed”

Learn how this proposed County Ordinance could impact your property, lively hood and tranquility”

Free….no membership.  Doors open at 6PM, come early to socialize with  like minded people.


Contact Louise @ 530-842-5443

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Christmas I remember best: My worst Christmas was one of my best


By Ray Palmer and Tricia Fuhriman

For the Deseret News

Editor’s note: As told to Ray Palmer’s granddaughter, Tricia Fuhriman

Christmas of 1945 started out as one of my worst. In retrospect, I am grateful for the lessons I learned, and it has become one of my best.

March of that year I departed America as a Marine aboard a naval transport ship assigned as a Japanese code intercept operator. I left behind my pregnant young wife and toddler son. Just as most of the world was experiencing, my life was uncertain and torn apart. I felt pride for my cause and righteous indignation for the great enemy — the Japanese.

After spending a few months in the South Pacific islands, our ships headed to Japan. On Aug. 6, 1945, the first atomic bomb was dropped, followed a short three days later by the second. Our mission that started out with the intent of invasion turned to occupation. Our fleet arrived at Japan’s Sasebo Bay in September. The next few months, we labored tracking down the remainder of the entrenched Japanese forces.

News from home was slow to arrive. The due date for my new baby had come and gone. It was six weeks after her birth that the happy news finally came, I had a new baby girl. She and mother were doing well. Being separated from my family was difficult. My conditions were uncomfortable and I still had a great amount of frustration toward the Japanese.

Christmas Day arrived. It was chilly, cold and desolate in Nagasaki. It was time for the greatly anticipated Christmas feast. My division headed off to the mess hall with visions of turkey, gravy and mashed potatoes. Much to our dismay they had run out of food! We were handed more K-rations instead. I felt hard-pressed to be so neglected on Christmas.

To our relief, high command became aware of our circumstances. Additional food was gathered and prepared. Later that evening, we returned to the mess hall. This time there was the scent of juicy turkey, rolls, gravy and all that made it feel like Christmas.

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After eating our fill we began to file out, back into the cold and dark. As we went to dump our food trays in the bins, we were met with the hollow but anxious eyes of several Japanese citizens, including children. They were dirty, poorly dressed (most without anything to cover their bare feet). They tentatively and humbly collected what scraps of bones or potatoes they could, in an effort to sustain life.

These poor people were not the great enemy I had come to fight. They were a beaten, destitute and hungry people. I had pitied my situation without realizing how truly blessed I actually was. I was separated from my loved ones, but I knew they were safe and secure and had the necessities of life. I knew we would be reunited. My current situation was not ideal but, I had three meals a day, a warm dry bed and security. I knew a great future lay ahead of me.

The realization of the immense suffering of these people humbled me and changed my outlook on life. A calm came with realizing these people were not my enemy but fellow human beings with families and heartaches. The feelings of fear and hatred were replaced with love and compassion. Under the direction of great American leaders, the soldiers rallied to help rebuild the Japanese communities and ease the suffering as much as possible.

Every Christmas I take a moment to ponder on this experience. The memory of what I learned becomes dearer to me each year. The Christmas of 1945 has become one that has meant the most in my life.


In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107, any copyrighted material herein is distributed without profit or payment to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving this information for non-profit research and educational purposes only. For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

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Boy’s best friend: Dog is ‘guardian angel’ for Sunset classroom


Deseret News.com


CLEARFIELD — It’s before the crack of dawn. The grass is crunchy with frost and the small brick house is the only one with its porch lights on, casting an eerie glow on the sidewalk.

Britton Voss, a skinny 12-year-old with a shuffle in his step, boards the bus.

A wavy-haired golden retriever boards with him. He is Dopey — Britton’s seizure response dog.

Britton, an energetic boy who loves hugs and Star Wars, has a rare form of epilepsy that causes seizures and developmental delays. As a service dog, Dopey is trained to help Britton by comforting him, fetching medicine or even calling 911 while he’s seizing.

But Dopey also has another ability — one that has baffled scientists and brought the staff at Britton’s school to tears.

Dopey appears to be able to predict Britton’s seizures, often hours before they actually happen.

“You hear about man’s best friend, but there’s something beyond special about the bond between a service animal and who they’re loving and providing for,” said Sunset Junior High special education teacher Melissa Lovell.

“Dopey is an extension of (Britton),” she added. “That’s his whole world. That’s his life source.”

At home or at school, at day or at night, as soon as the vest is on, boy and dog are one.

The first time

Lovell was stunned the first time Dopey gave her an “alert.”

A quiet soul with velvety ears and “chocolate chips for eyes,” in the words of one of Lovell’s students, Dopey spends the vast majority of his days laying quietly at Britton’s side.

One day about two months ago, however, he began panting, licking and nudging Lovell’s pregnant belly, more agitated than she had ever seen him.

About an hour later, Britton began seizing.

“I looked at (my lead aide), and we just both looked at each other like … ‘That is unbelievable,’” Lovell said.

They have a process for seizure alerts now. Lovell clears the other students from the room, places Britton in a safe position on his beanbag and make sure she has the medication she needs in case she needs to intervene.

For the most part, there’s little they can do besides allow the seizure to happen and make sure Britton is safe.

Once Britton starts seizing, Dopey will lick his face until he “comes out” of the seizure, Lovell says. Afterward, Dopey usually cuddles Britton as he naps.

 “When you actually witness and see the whole thing from alert to the end of the seizure, it’s almost difficult to describe,” Lovell said. “You don’t want to use the term beautiful for something like that, but to see an animal actually communicate with you and then take a kid out of a seizure …”

“It was unbelievable,” she continued. “You wouldn’t even believe it if you didn’t see the whole thing from beginning to end.”

But that wasn’t the first time Dopey detected a seizure in class.

Months before he ever detected one of Britton’s, Dopey started picking up on another student in Lovell’s class — one who has even more frequent seizures than Britton.

Dopey has predicted seizures in that student more than 10 times, according to Lovell.

Britton’s mom, Dawn Voss, said Dopey has never given a false positive, either at home or at school.

“He’s their little guardian angel, I guess you could say,” Voss said. “They’re his boys to watch over.”

Unbreakable bond

Sunset Junior High Assistant Principal Matt Christensen said administrators were initially “apprehensive” about having a service dog in a classroom.

Although not unheard of, service dogs for students as young as Britton are not common.

“Once we saw how effective Dopey is at helping not only Britton but the other student, there’s no question the dog has been a huge help,” Christensen said.

Dopey has been an asset for the entire class, which is a functional skills class for students with moderate to severe disabilities.

“If somebody’s having an issue or behavior … I will say, ‘Just look at the dog. Everything’s OK,’” Lovell said. “His presence in the room is enough to bring some of our students down — and that is a fact.”

Lovell, who is 36 weeks pregnant, jokes that Dopey will alert her that she’s going into labor before she feels the first contraction.

But there’s no doubt that Dopey’s No. 1 mission is Britton. Dopey, the gentle guardian and constant companion, rarely takes his eyes off of the boy.

If Britton goes to the bathroom, Dopey goes too.

If Dopey needs to go potty, there goes Britton.

They are together from the moment they board the bus until school ends around 2:55 p.m., and they are together at night, sleeping together in a bedroom filled with Star Wars posters.

“Thank God for Dopey,” Lovell said. “It really truly is like having another member of the team.”

Voss said she used to worry about Britton getting bullied.

Because children with Dravet’s syndrome have a significantly higher risk of Sudden Unexplained Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP) — which often happens at night — she also worried every time she tucked him in for bed.

Now, knowing that Dopey is by Britton’s side “gives me a sense of comfort, especially at night when he’s sleeping,” Voss said. “Now, it doesn’t bother me.”



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Siskiyou Co: Robbery at 3 J’s Shell Station in Grenada, CA.

Sheriff Jon Lopey, Siskiyou Sheriff's report




         On Saturday December 24, 2016 at approximately 7:45 pm Siskiyou County Sheriff’s deputies responded to a report of a robbery at the 3 J’s Shell Station in Grenada, Ca. The victim reported that a Hispanic male wearing a red sweatshirt lunged over the counter and stole the money from the cash register, she attempted to stop him but was unable to. The victim was unharmed in this incident.

         The SCSO was able to obtain video images of the suspects. The first suspect is a 26-year-old Hispanic male from Weed named Daniel Cazorla , he is approximately 5’7” and 135, last seen wearing a red hooded sweatshirt. He is currently wanted for robbery.

         There was also a 23-year-old white female that was identified on the video as Megan Jones from Weed, Ca she is 5’2 and approximately 120 lbs.  She was seen speaking to a man in red clothing and she is wanted for questioning regarding the robbery, as she seen speaking to a man in a red clothing outside the store prior to the robbery.

         If anyone has any information regarding this incident or the wherebouts of either Mr. Cazorla or Ms. Jones, please contact Siskiyou County Sheriff’s dispatch at (530)841-2900.

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